The Endocannabinoid system places a huge role on our bodies and also in many other mammals. It is the system that communicates the brain to the body and is able to balance a series of functions such as memory, appetite, sleep,pain perception and even your movement.
The location of the receptors to this system are spread throughout your body and can release different effects depending on the location.
Some of the receptors are in the brain and others reside in immune cells which these receptors main job is to maintain the body’s homeostasis and equilibrium.
Looking into further research we can see that the body has 2 different types of cannabinoid receptors known as CB1 and CB2, which are also the most important.
How the Endocannabinoid System Works
So how our body normally sends messages and actions from the human brain to the body is through neurotransmitters which are released from a neuron cell and the idea travels across the synapse also known as a gap between two neurons
Now when the message is received by a neuron that is within distance it can react to the message by providing a specific movement or gesture. For example when you grab a hot pan. The neurotransmitter send that it is hot, and then a neuron picks it up for you to react in a pull away saying “ouch!”
The Endocannabinoid system acts a bit different though. Just like how our body normally functions in the example above the Endocannabinoid works to send the message backwards to which it came. When the postsynaptic neuron is activated through a neurotransmitter the cannabinoids are produced from fat cells so they’re already there.
The cannabinoids acts act after the exerted presynaptic neuron which means that they can actually control what’s next. It limits certain messages being able to be sent and received causing nervous impulse.
What If I Don’t Use Cannabinoid-rich Products?
That’s a great question because the things that can impact your endocannabinoid system are cannabinoids found from certain plants like CBD, THC, and many other components described here in our Cannabinoids Explained.
The major endocannabinoids that have been found with research are anandamide and 2-arachidonoylglycerol which are believed to have a therapeutic property that could be suitable for medical purposes. There is also a compound known as phytocannabinoids which are known to work well the the endocannabinoid system but the activity is already naturally produced and doesn’t have much effect.